“Other Primary Structures” was a response to a predecessor, the famous Jewish Museum exhibition “Primary Structures: Younger American and British Sculptors” (1966), a major survey of Minimalism, especially in sculpture. Half a century later, “Other Primary Structures” featured the work of over 25 artists from Latin America, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe that explored the myriad international manifestations of reduced and abstract geometric sculpture in the 1960s.
By examining the full global reach of this groundbreaking movement via artists who were simultaneously working in similar modes around the world, but who until now had not received significant attention in the United States. Presented in two parts, the first part of the exhibition, titled “Others 1,” examines work created between 1960 and 1967, while “Others 2” presents work created between 1967 and 1970, some of which was directly influenced by the 1966 exhibition. Benni Efrat presented Matter on the Move (1969), a major sculpture encasing a steel plate in white foam.